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Health food: how to improve your health through diet nutrition is important not only for maintaining the shape and beauty of the body. Correctly or improperly selected food plays a role in our health. When we are sick, we are forced to switch to medical nutrition. With doctors and nutritionists' help, each of us can form a diet that will be directed against certain diseases and contribute to an active, healthy life. Let's talk about diet products in more detail.

What is healthy food, and who needs it?

Diet therapy, in other words, nutritional therapy, is a complex intake of food that accelerates a person's recovery. With correctly selected products that a person consumes, it is possible to restore impaired body functions, reduce the side effects of drugs, and, in general, cope with the disease.

Medical nutrition dishes should be in the diet of those people who suffer from certain diseases. Special therapeutic diets have been developed by modern medicine for those who have problems with the stomach, heart, kidneys, intestines, liver, and forms of obesity, diabetes, and other ailments. If you or your relatives have a chronic or acute illness, advises consulting a dietitian.

The main principles of nutritional therapy

Depending on the yes of the disease, the degree of its course, the patients' individual characteristics, doctors prescribe different diets, suggest using various medicinal foods. The main principles of diet therapy are as follows:

  • The energy value of dietary products corresponds to the energy consumption of the body;
  • The medical menu should contain substances that the body lacks;
  • The diet should be such that the patient feels slightly satiated but does not overeat;
  • Nutrition must be varied;
  • The diet should be adjusted to the taste of the patient to increase appetite;
  • Products must be properly processed by culinary specialists, preserve valuable properties;
  • Food intake should be regular.

When a patient has prescribed a diet in a medical institution, the products can be selected either according to the elemental system or according to the dietary system. The first type means that an individual diet is developed for a person, taking into account its characteristics. The second type means that a person is prescribed one of the existing, already tested, and widely popular diets.

The most common use in hospitals is the dietary system. There are 15 special therapeutic diets.

What diets improve health?

If you are not an expert, then it is not worth setting your own nutritional dishes. Seek help from a dietitian, or, knowing your diagnosis, use one of the popular diets. suggests considering some of them in more detail.

Diet No. 1. It is indicated for peptic ulcer diseases, stomach and intestinal ailments, and acute and chronic gastritis. Dishes should not be too hot or cold; boiled crumbly cereals, meat, and fish, fruits are used as products for such a diet.

Diet No. 2. Helps to cure acute gastritis, colitis, enteritis. Eating on this diet, you should not eat foods that take a long time to digest and irritate the gastrointestinal tract's mucous membrane.

Diet number 3. It is used to prevent constipation. Medicated foods should enhance bowel movement. These are vegetables, bakery products, fermented milk drinks, cereals. Food is cooked, steamed, baked.

Diet number 4. It is used for diarrhea. The meals do not contain foods containing certain irritants of the gastrointestinal tract. Basically, these are soups and cereals (liquid and semi-liquid dishes), boiled food, or steamed.

Diet No. 5. It is indicated for hepatitis and cholecystitis, with cirrhosis of the liver and gallstone disease. The diet normalizes the functioning of the biliary tract and liver, regulates better bile secretion. Fried food is excluded, only boiled, baked, and stewed food is used. Do not eat food that is too cold.

Diet No. 6. Suitable for the treatment of gout and urolithiasis. Products containing oxalic acid and purines are removed from the menu. In this menu, you can see milk, vegetables, fruits, soups. Processed foods can be anything you like, but meat and fish must be boiled.

Diet number 7. Needed for acute and chronic nephritis. Dishes are prepared without sodium chloride; doctors determine how much salt the patient can consume. With such a diet, a person eats 4-5 times a day.

Diet number 8. Prescribed for obesity. The purpose of such nutritional therapy is to reduce excess fat and improve metabolism. The products used for the menu should not whet the appetite. Food is cooked, stewed, and baked. Fried foods should be avoided. Instead of sugar, it is advisable to use substitutes.

Diet No. 9 is applicable for diabetes mellitus, No. 10 - for heart disease, No. 11 - for tuberculosis; No. 12 - for ailments of the nervous system, No. 13 - treats acute infectious problems, No. 14 - urolithiasis, No. 15 - just a healthy diet used when the patient does not need a specially selected menu.

As you can see, suitable therapeutic food has been developed for each type of disease. Also, dietary meals can be formed by the doctor individually.

Watch your diet, and stay healthy!

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